Although the word Baccarat is found in both Italian and French, most people believe that the game originates from Italy. The word means “nothing” and probably refers to the value of the dealt cards that count as just zero in the game. What is more clear is that the game spread to in the 15th century. Here it developed more towards the game we know today as Baccarat or Punto Banco.
There are also rumors that want to show that baccarat has an even longer history, although it is probably more about myths than truth. According to the myth, the origin of the game must have been an Etruscan legend where nine gods watched when a virgin would decide her fate by throwing a dice with nine sides. The best result (similar to baccarat) was to get eight or nine. If the result was so, the virgin would become a priestess. If she got six or seven, she would instead be rejected from all religious ceremonies. If the result was 1-5, the virgin would have to go out to sea, which was a symbol of certain death. Regardless of where the game took its first steps, it was in in the 15th century that baccarat really took hold. In France, King Charles VIII introduced the game. The connection to the court made the game especially popular in the finer circles of society. It was also in France that one of the few variants of baccarat was developed. It was Chemin de Fer that is still the most played variant of baccarat in French casinos.
Today there are only three variants of baccarat. These are classic baccarat, Chemin de Fer and Baccarat Banque. In comparison with other casino games, it is very unusual with so few variants despite the game having such a long history, but baccarat has from the very beginning been a conservative game with many rituals that build up the game’s structure. For many, these rituals are extremely important and should they change, there is a risk that players will leave the game. Given that the game still attracts players, today’s casinos also have no reason to change to a winning concept.